History of Malaga

history of Malaga.

Malaga is located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It is the capital of the province of the same name, and it is the second city of the Andalusia region.
Malaga has a population of approximately 600,000. This city on the Costa del Sol is protected by the ‘Axarquía’ hills and has a very pleasant climate in both Summer and Winter.

Malaga is an important port city (the second largest in Spain) and it is crossed by two rivers: the Guadalmedina and the Guadalhorce, both of which flow into the Mediterranean.
Malaga also has a major international airport and excellent infrastructure.

Tourism is very important to Malaga, but the Andalusian cities Córdoba, Seville and Granada are more frequent tourist destinations. Malaga hasn’t yet been overrun by tourists, which is an added bonus. Malaga is still wonderfully authentic, incredibly charming, and most of the city’s highlights can be visited on foot.

Many monuments take you back to the times of Roman and Moorish domination, but there are also plenty of churches, palaces and the cathedral to admire, built after the reconquest of the country by the Christians from the Moors (reconquista).

The first civilization of Malaga is thought to date from the arrival of the Phoenicians, roughly three thousand years ago.
Around 550 BC Málaga was taken over by the Carthaginians who traded from this part of the country.

In 218 BC the Romans conquered Malaga and the city flourished. A solid port was built and trading boomed. The remains of the Roman theatre have been restored and can once again be admired today.

In the year 623 AD the city of Malaga was taken over by the East Germanic Visigoths who stayed until 711 AD, the year of the Moorish invasion.

In the seven centuries that followed, Malaga experienced a period of great prosperity. Much of trading and building took place. The Alcazaba’ fortress and the Gibralfaro’ castle both date from this period.

The reconquista of Malaga did not happen without a struggle. It was not until 1487, after heavy fighting and many casualties, that the city once again fell into Christian hands.
Churches were built, the harbour expanded, and the cathedral erected.

Malaga is conscious of the fact that not all parts of the city are equally beautiful.
Tourism began in the sixties as the economy recovered slowly from a long period of crisis. Numerous flats and hotels were erected rapidly without paying much heed to the appearance of some monstrosities and of their effect upon the city’s aesthetic.

Currently, steps are being taken to improve the city’s appearance and image. A great deal of renovation and restoration has already been finished, with particular attention to the historical inner city, which is already largely car free.
Don’t miss the chance to go for a stroll to the somewhat futuristic-looking harbour area ‘Muelle Uno’ (Pier One). You won’t believe your eyes!

You can order a copy of Travel Guide Malaga HERE